Family Farm V1.2.2 FIXED
dps with hired labor (group2) are associated with the production of fermented milk and dairy products, mainly cheese. two groups of enzymes catalyze critical reactions for curcuminoid biosynthesis in c. longa, i.e. cyp79a104 is involved in the production of β-sesquiphellandrene and γ-curcumene (hmdb id:002944); cyp71c965 is involved in the production of curcumin (hmdb id:058854) and bisabolol (hmdb id:004801). caffeic acid, ferulic acid and vanillic acid play an important role in the production of flavors such as coffee aroma (hmdb id:000989) and clove like (hmdb id:001798). in this study, metabolism of phenolic acids such as caffeic acid was the major pathway in group1 dps, while that of terpenoid-related compounds was the major pathway in group2 dps. moreover, larger dps of cheese-making (group2) were associated with higher abundance of terpenoid-related pathways. taken together, these observations imply that fermentation of milk products, especially cheese-making, to produce different flavored products may trigger higher expression of the metabolic pathways related to biosynthesis of phenolic and aromatic compounds.
dry matter yields for group 1 and group 2 were: on average 16.02% and 13.46% respectively. overall, on average, group 1 provided a higher proportion of fodder consumption, which may account for their higher productive performance. thus, soil conditions (except for texture) seemed to play a limited role in reproductive performance. nevertheless, as mentioned before, differences between groups were found in factors such as handling time, which may indicate a greater input of management management (technology) on the farms of group 2. this is supported by the fact that the level of education was higher than that of group1. besides, the average reproduction (number of replacements per year) was 1.36 in group2 and 0.79 in group1. however, further research is needed to identify the causes of these differences. another example of higher education on group 2 dps than on group 1 dps is the differences in the farms of group 2. the majority of the farms of group 2 were part of the cooperative (fig. 1), which may imply larger scale production. the differences of scale may increase the data availability and improve the quality of the sample, since this may increase the chances of having better replications, reducing the possibility of pseudo-replication. the study of many factors could offer a better understanding of the causes for the differences observed, but it is a time-consuming activity, requiring much experience and meticulous planning.
these results may be useful for farmers and scientists who are involved in the cultivation of seeds. moreover, they may be useful for scientists who are involved in seed germination research for breeding improvement. the effective induction techniques can provide techniques to improve plant germination. it is important to maximize the yield of crops in agriculture. our results suggest that sodium nitrite is an effective chemical fertilizer for p. trifoliata. the sodium nitrite-induced germination has a significant role in plant growth, and, thus, this technique can be useful in the breeding process for the improvement of crop quality. in future studies, we plan to investigate the effect of sodium nitrite on the growth of seedlings. also, we plan to examine the hormonal effects of sodium nitrite on seed germination. characterization of antimicrobial peptides in legumes is crucial for the success of plant breeding programs aimed at incorporating these defense traits into crop cultivars. specifically, characterization of antimicrobial peptides in dry bean seeds (phaseolus vulgaris l.) can help us to understand the defensive potential of these seeds against microbial pathogens. in this study, we investigated the antimicrobial peptides from dry bean seeds by mass spectrometry. the results of the study showed that 34 of the 150 peptides identified were predicted to be defensins. these results are valuable for breeding programs and new breeding applications such as salt tolerance and antifungal resistance. the key enzyme curs3 is of great importance in the biosynthesis of curcuminoids in curcuma longa, and may be used as a selection criterion to distinguish between wild and cultivated c. longa. the enzyme curs3 catalyzes a key step in the curcuminoid biosynthesis pathway. therefore, the whole pathway in c. longa is of great importance in the production of curcuminoids in c. longa plants. 5ec8ef588b